Dry Skin vs. Dehydrated Skin
Dry Skin is a skin type, meaning someone has a genetic predisposition to this, rather than a skin condition that has been caused by eternal or internal elements. An individual with dry skin has inadequate oil production as well as a lack of hydrolipid film which in turn can present the individual’s skin as tight or dull in appearance.
Dehydrated Skin is a condition connected to water levels in the skin and include dermal dehydration or epidermal dehydration. When skin is well hydrated it will appear plump, and bounce back easily. During a skin analysis, any crepiness or fine lines present during a simple manipulation of the skin is indicative of epidermal dehydration. More severe dehydration known as dermal dehydration will present itself in the way of deeper wrinkles that are clearly visible along with sagging skin.
Trans-epidermal water loss is the process by which water passes in and out of our epidermis daily. There are measures we can take to protect our skin from excessive TEWL which if not maintained can lead to impaired barrier function. When our skin appears as rough, flakey or red this can be indicative of impaired barrier function. While maintaining hydration levels through adequate water consumption seems the most obvious solution, there are other just as important steps to take externally through skin care.
Seeking out ingredients in your skincare known as humectants or occlusives are imperative to treat this skin condition. Humectants allow the epidermis to attract water from the dermis while occlusives will hold the moisture within the epidermis itself. One example of such an ingredient is hyaluronic acid which can hold 1,000 times its weight in water thus making it an excellent moisture binding ingredient. Another ingredient to look for is niacinamide, a potent cell communicating ingredient shown to increase ceramide and fatty acid levels in the skin which prevents the skin from losing water content while also stimulating microcirculation in the dermis. Other ingredients that are shown to be beneficial are plant oils, honey, and sodium PCA.
Products we carry to treat dry and dehydrated skin:
Skinceuticals Hydrating B5 Gel
Skinceuticals A.G.E. Interrupter
Arcona Magic Dry Ice
Arcona Peptide Hydrating Complex